The human stomach consists of four quadrants namely the upper right, lower right and upper left, lower left sections. Source of left side abdominal pain could be from one or both of the two stomach quadrants on the left.
The following are the most common conditions and treatments associated with pain on the left side of the stomach:
It is the inflammation of the lining of the stomach. It can be caused by stress or infection. The usual symptoms are stomach pain, belching, nausea, vomiting, pallor, sweating and a feeling of fullness. Treatments include antacids, anti-bacterials, and stress reduction.
They are eroded surfaces of the stomach lining usually caused by the hydrochloric acid present in the stomach itself. It can be caused by abuse of medications that cause gastric irritation like Ibuprofen and Prednisone. Symptoms include stomach pain, fatigue, weakness, nausea, vomiting, hematemesis (vomiting of blood), and pale skin. Treatments advised by medical professionals include anti-bacterials, antacids, and acid-blockers to promote healing of the stomach lining.
Constipation: This condition refers to two conditions: passing of hard stools or inability to pass stools regularly. The main causes for constipation are eating a low fiber diet, stress and being dehydrated. The symptoms you should look out for are abdominal pain, cramps and discomfort on the left side of your stomach.
This kind of pain on left side of stomach treatment includes drinking enough water. The use of laxatives to alleviate stress and eating a fibre packed diet. In serious cases like bowel obstruction, surgery may be the solution.
Crohn’s Disease: This condition features the inflammation of one’s intestines. Crohn’s disease can easily lead to death if not diagnosed in time. The main symptom of this condition is pain on your left side stomach.
Although there is no permanent cure for this condition, there are various solutions for relieving the symptoms. These include medications such as antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs, change in diet and surgery.
Diverticulitis: This is a condition affecting the large intestine. The symptoms associated with diverticulitis are pain in the lower abdomen and tenderness. This condition is common in old people, usually those above 60 years.
In minor cases, this kind of pain in left side of stomach treatment includes medications, antibiotics and a balanced diet. In serious cases, like bowel obstruction, it is advisable to go through surgery.
Kidney Stones: This condition appears when you have high levels of calcium or uric acid in your body. Dehydration can also contribute to the formation of kidney stones. Patients will experience pain on either the left or right side of the stomach depending on the stone’s location. Other symptoms include vomiting, nausea, fever and groin pain.
Treatment: Smaller stones can easily pass out on their own. However, you still have to take medication and drink a lot of fluids. In case of large kidney stones, surgery is the best approach.
Ulcerative Colitis: This condition is similar to Crohn’s disease. Ulcerative colitis features inflammation, sores and ulcers in the lining of the rectum and colon. Common symptoms exhibited are abdominal cramping, weight loss, pain and rectal bleeding.
Treatment: Ulcerative colitis is a chronic condition and the treatment is similar to that of an autoimmune condition. This is why doctors prescribe immune system suppressors. Other treatment options include antibiotics, anti-inflammatory medicine and painkillers. Doctors turn to surgery in severe cases of ulcerative colitis.
Apart from the conditions mentioned above there are many other causes for left abdominal pain. These include gastroenteritis, bladder infection, ovarian cysts, menstrual cramps, food poisoning, bowel cancer and pelvic disease. The characteristics of the pain help the doctor diagnose the exact reason for the discomfort. With a clear description of the pain from patients, doctors conduct a physical examination, x-ray or even study the patient’s medical history to determine the underlying causes.
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