All You Need to Know about Lower Abdominal Pain

July 1, 2013

Lower abdominal pain is always related to pain and cramps which cause discomfort near the belly button area or just below umbilicus. However, there’s much more to this disease. Pain in lower abdomen is caused by many different reasons. Hence, it can be associated with many different organs in your body including spleen, aorta, kidneys, appendix and uterus. Besides these organs, abdominal pain is also associated with all those organs which help in digestion, like small intestines, large intestines, stomach, liver, pancreas and gallbladder. This discomfortable in women is usually associated with ovaries-related troubles.

Causes of  pain in lower abdominal

Abdominal pain Treatment

In case you are experiencing severe pain, it may be caused by bowel obstruction, inflammation, bowel perforation or appendicitis. Severe abdominal pain in women may be caused by the rupture of an ovarian cyst, ovarian torsion or a twisted ovary, pelvic inflammatory disease and ectopic pregnancy. On the other hand, this pain in men may be caused by testicular injury or torsion. If you are experiencing cramps, they may be caused due to infection, inflammation, indigestion or gas. Endometriosis or menstrual cramps may cause this discomfortable in women.

At times, you may experience severe pain in waves. This may be caused due to kidney stones. Other reasons for this disease include hernia, shingles and trauma to the body. In simple words, hernia is caused when a muscle or tissue weakens and allows other tissues or organs to pass through it. Shingles is associated with varicella-zoster, a virus reactivating chickenpox. It causes rashes and forms stripes around the affected area on your skin. Shingles can be a very painful condition.

Usually, some patients experience sudden pain, which may be persistent, severe, worsening or recurring. It is necessary to be careful about it. It may be caused because of some serious reasons. Sometimes, you don’t realize it, but it may be caused by some severe medical conditions. Therefore, if you experience severe abdominal pain, it is important to seek immediate medical attention. Some serious reasons for calling medical aid include vomiting blood, bloody stools, absence of bowel movements, rigid abdomen, serious injury to abdomen, sudden onset of severe pain, vaginal bleeding in women and so on.

In case you are unable to get any relief from it and it stays persistent, you need to seek medical care promptly, especially if your condition is worsening. If you are experiencing, bladder symptoms, loss of appetite, fever or unexplained weight loss, you should immediately call a doctor.


As mentioned above, there can be many different symptoms . Abdominal pain is caused because of different reasons and therefore, there are many different symptoms of this condition. However, they can be broadly divided into three categories :

Digestive Tract – Many symptoms of this pain are related to digestive tract. Some of these symptoms are clearly visible, while others need to be properly diagnosed for appropriate causes. Some of these symptoms include abdominal swelling, abdominal cramping, bloating, distension, constipation, bloody stool (black, red or tarry texture), gas, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, indigestion, frequent passing of stool.
Symptoms of Life-Threatening Condition – Some symptoms  may indicate that there’s something serious. If you notice these symptoms, you need to call a doctor immediately. Some of these symptoms include change in level of alertness or consciousness, unresponsiveness, passing out, high fever, bleeding while being pregnant, rapid heart rate or tachycardia, absence of bowel movements, vomiting, trauma or injury to abdomen, pelvic pain, sharp abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, blood vomiting, bloody stool and so on.

Other Symptoms – There are also some other symptoms you should look for. In case you experience these symptoms, you should start taking necessary precautions and consult a certified medical practitioner. Some of these symptoms include mild fever, body aches, muscle spasms, tiredness, palpable mass around pelvic area or abdomen, numbness around abdomen, burning sensation during urination, painful sexual intercourse, rashes and unexplained weight loss.
Lower Left Abdominal Pain

When an individual experiences this disease, it usually denotes a problem in the digestive tract as most of the organs involved in digestion are on the left. But there can also be other vital organs involved including one kidney and the left lobe of the liver.

lower right abdominal pain

Most of the times when people suffer from pain it’s actually a sign that something is wrong with them, but when that is abdominal pain on the lower right side, then things start to get a bit worrying and confusing.

lower abdomen pain during pregnancy

Abdominal discomfort during pregnancy is as a result of several things ranging from hormonal changes, the growth and development of the baby to other internal changes within the stomach.

Treatments For Pain in Lower Abdominal

Treatments For Pain In Lower Abdominal

Fortunately, if you are experiencing mild stomach cramps, they may resolve on their own. However, it is only possible when mild stomach cramps are not accompanied by other symptoms. Proper treatment  always depends on the exact cause or diagnosis of the problem. If you experience mild abdominal pain and cramps, you can use certain home remedies. There are also many over-the-counter medicines and antibiotics readily available in the market.

It is important to understand that consulting a doctor will still be crucial if you want some instant relief. A good doctor will be able to find the exact cause of the problem and provide proper guidance. He will be able to prescribe appropriate medication for your problem. On the other hand, a proper diagnosis will also determine if you need to undergo a surgical procedure. For instance, surgery is the only option for abdominal pain resulting from a very serious condition, like appendicitis.

There are also some other treatment options like massage, physical therapy, nerve blocks, heat therapy, muscle relaxants and many different relaxation techniques. It is also important to understand that  abdominal cramps and it may also be associated with social and psychological problems like personality disorders, depression, sexual abuse, troubled relationships, family crisis and other such problems.

If you believe that social and psychological problems have been troubling you in the form of abdominal pain, you can take help of counselling. Counselling and therapy will help you cope with these problems and relieve the discomfortable. You should also take adequate rest and apply heat to the painful area. You can use a hot water bottle to apply heat. Applying heat can also help women in treating cramps during menstruation.

Basically, treatment options for pain in lower abdominal always depend on the underlying cause. For problems like inflammation, ulcers or GERD, you can take medications. On the other hand, you can take antibiotics for changes in personal behaviour, allergies infections and so on. However, serious conditions like appendicitis and hernia need surgery.

Category: Abdomen

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